MI 8th Inf Co D. Civil War: Enlisted 14 Aug 1861. Private. Promoted to Corporal. Re-enlisted 30 Jan 1863. Assigned to 13th Michigan. Promoted to First Sergeant. Suffered a gunshot wound to his left wrist. Discharged 1 Jul 1864. Post war: In 1890, he was living in Hankinson, Richland County, North Dakota. Sources: (1890 Veterans and Widows Census, North Dakota, No.123, roll 59)