WI 27th Inf Co K. Residence: Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Civil War: Age 21. Enrolled for three years on 19 Jan 1863 at Milwaukee, as a substitute for Thos. Floyd of Racine, Wisconsin. Mustered 7 Mar 1863. Private. Promoted to Sergeant 20 Mar 1863. Reduced to ranks on 11 Aug 1863. Left sick at Helena, Arkansas, 13 Aug 1863. Moved to general hospital at Memphis, Tennessee. Sources: (WHS Series 1200 boxes 129-12, 130-12; red book vol 32)